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Configuring iServe

iServe stores three main kinds of information:

  • Service descriptions in RDF;
  • Ontologies (described in OWL or RDF/S);
  • Documents (e.g., WSDL files, or Web APIs HTML documentation).

Service descriptions and Ontologies are both stored in an RDF store, whereas Documents are directly stored in the file system. Therefore in order to get iServe up and running in your own system you will need to carry out some basic configuration steps which we detail next.

iServe's configuration can be stored in a Java properties file. For those whishing to test iServe in development mode, a reference configuration file can be found in /conf/ with predefined values for picking up the entire configuration of iServe from JVM system properties. This file is setup is a way such that every one of iServe's configuration properties can be configured by including Java system properties at launch time in the form of:

-Diserve.<property-name>=<actual value>

You can indeed take this file as a starting point and adapt it to your own requirements. In order to tell iServe which configuration file to use you may do so at instantiation time (when using the integrated engine) or via the Java system property iserve.config. You may specify this property when launching iServe by including:


Setting up an RDF Store

In order to store the Service descriptions and the Ontologies, you tell iServe where to find an RDF Store, including notably its SPARQL Query, Update, and Service endpoints. Note, that in this last release, iServe requires and RDF Store that supports SPARQL 1.1. Most of the RDF Stores available out there already support this, though.

iServe does not come with an embedded RDF Store so, you should take care of the actual installation and configuration of one. Which one you use is certainly up to you although you should note that the discovery capabilities of iServe depend strongly on the actual setup of the backend RDF Store. Indeed, including support for highly expressive formalisms will have an impact on both the performance and discovery support provided by iServe. In our tests we have used OWLIM with OWL Horst support and Sesame with RDFS reasoning and both the performance and reasoning support have been adequate. In order to make your choice you may want to run a number of tests but as a rule of thumb you should bear in mind that for a service registry querying response time will be more important than upload time. Therefore the benefits of having expressive reasoning support and materialising the results upon upload will most likely out weight the loading overhead incurred.

Core Configuration Properties

Below you have a detailed list of all the configuration properties of iServe. As indicated earlier, you may configure this through a Java properties file in the form of 'property-name'='configuration value' lines.

Configuration Property Description Default Value
iserve.url URL where the server will be available. This will determine the URLs for services and should therefore match the URL where the server is deployed in order to ensure that content is published following the Linked Data principles http://localhost:9090/iserve
iserve.documents.folder Folder where iServe will store the service documents and other related documentation. /tmp/iserve-docs/ URL of the SPARQL endpoint of the RDF Store used for services and ontologies. http://localhost:8080/openrdf-sesame/repositories/iserve URL of the SPARQL update endpoint of the RDF Store used for services and ontologies. http://localhost:8080/openrdf-sesame/repositories/iserve/statements URL of where the RDF Store implements the Graph Store procotocol. This is not strictly necessary although it may speed up the uploading and deletion of services and ontologies from the server. http://localhost:8080/openrdf-sesame/repositories/iserve/rdf-graphs/service
iserve.nfp.sparql.query Experimental - URL of the SPARQL endpoint of the RDF Store used for Non-functional properties (NFPs) e.g., popularity, response time, etc. http://localhost:8080/openrdf-sesame/repositories/iserve
iserve.nfp.sparql.update Experimental - URL of the SPARQL update endpoint of the RDF Store used for NFPs. http://localhost:8080/openrdf-sesame/repositories/iserve/statements
iserve.nfp.sparql.service Experimental - URL of where the NFPs RDF Store implements the Graph Store procotocol. This is not strictly necessary although it may speed up the uploading and deletion of data. http://localhost:8080/openrdf-sesame/repositories/iserve/rdf-graphs/service
http.proxyHost (Optional) Host name for the HTTP proxy to use. This is necessary in order to obtain remote data. None
http.proxyPort (Optional) Port number for the HTTP proxy to use. None
iserve.discovery.conceptMatcher Java class of concept matcher plugin to be used by the discovery engine. SparqlLogicConceptMatcher implements concept matching by performing on-the-fly SPARQL queries. This matcher is ideal for knowledge bases that change frequently. SparqlIndexedLogicConceptMatcher exploits a cached index of matching concepts that is populated at setup time. This second matcher has a very low response time, which makes it ideal to combine iServe with composition engines. N.B.: index population must be performed each time the knowledge base changes. It may take several minutes according to the knowledge base size.
iserve.discovery.freetextsearch Java class that implements the free text search according to the adopted RDF store. If you are using OWLim, you have to configure the property as OwlimSearchPlugin. Instead, if you are using Apache Jena Fuseki, the property value must be FusekiSearchPlugin. Define the host of the instance of Redis that will be used for caching. localhost
iserve.util.cache.redis.port Define the port of the instance of Redis that will be used for caching. 6379

iServe Configuration Properties.

Web Interface Configuration Properties

In addition to the backend engine, iServe includes a Linked Data user interface for viewing and exposing the data it holds. It is based on ELDA which is highly configurable. By default we have pre-configured it to provide the main pages of information listing services, operations, providers, etc. For each of those we have different views with more or less detailed information. Advanced users may refer to ELDA's documentation in order to fine tune their own installation, to add new pages, etc.

In order to present the data, ELDA needs to know where it should obtain the data from, i.e., the RDF store. To simplify things we have created a script for automatically generating new ELDA configurations. You can find the script in ./scripts/

The way to use this script is as follows: iserve-host iserve-port iserve-context rdf-host rdf-port repository-name type

The default ELDA configuration was for instance generated as follows:

./ localhost 8080 iserve localhost 8080 iserve sesame

By default iServe will look for this file within the folder where iServe was deployed in:

... /webapps/<iserve context>/elda-specs/iserve.ttl

Should you wish to use a different configuration file you may specify it by means of a Java system property: